About Fitzroy

Melbourne’s first suburb, Fitzroy, is just half a kilometre north-east of the centre of Melbourne at its most southern boundary, and home to about 11,000 people. Fitzroy was a traditional meeting place for Indigenous Australians prior to European settlers moving in to dispossess them in the late 1830s. Most current housing stock was built from the 1850s to 1890s and is largely terrace or row houses. Much of the streetscape is Victorian, although the diversity of architectural styles is one of Fitzroy’s most interesting features.

Much of the area is intact because Melbourne’s development moved outwards into undeveloped land. Initially a middle class area, Fitzroy became a working class area in the early to mid 20th century as inner city living lost its attractions for the middle class in the wake of the automobile and urban sprawl. Many migrant families moved in, giving the area a rich diversity.

In the 1960s State Government planners decided the “slums” of the inner city should be demolished wholesale and replaced with high rise public housing blocks. It was in this environment that FRA was formed to protect the 19th century fabric of buildings and the sense of community that had developed here.

In the last thirty years Fitzroy has partly gentrified, giving us now a suburb that is one of the most diverse and densely populated in Australia (current estimate of 72.34 persons/ha). Fitzroy had its own municipal council until 1994 when it was amalgamated with surrounding areas North Carlton, Collingwood and Richmond to form the City of Yarra.  In 2036, the population in Fitzroy is estimated to be close to 13,000.

The Fitzroy History Society has collected a number of oral histories under the title, ‘The Life and Times of Fitzroy from the 1950s’ with some recollecting the formation of the Fitzroy Residents’ Association in 1969.